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Which bear canister you choose to carry on a backpacking trip is an important decision.
But there is no one-size-fits-all answer to the question "Which bear canister is best?"
And if you think you can hang your food and not have a problem with bears (as well as raccoons and other critters), be aware of the fact that some bears don't seem to understand that they shouldn't be able to outwit your system.
As a veteran of the tree-hanging method (that's all we had in the 1970s through 2000), I can say that a canister is much, much easier to handle at the end of a long day on the trail.
And having your food stolen or rendered unpalatable by bear saliva, well, that could put a dent in your backpacking plans in a hurry!
Add to these facts another unavoidable one: Some premier backpacking destinations require the use of an approved canister.
Enter the fool proof world of bear resistant food containers, including canisters...
All food canisters share one common theme:
To keep the food you need to fuel your body on a backpacking trip out of the clutches (and stomachs) of the local bear population.
And to keep your camp safe from grumpy bears.
Facts of the backpacking life:
Keeping these facts in mind, bear canister designs offer you options for doing the outsmarting, as well as fitting into your backpack and camp routine.
Hence, the round, thick plastic design for a bear canister.
The material used to build the canister needs to be extremely strong, which is why polycarbonate is used.
I've personally sat on these canisters for days on end eating meals, and they held my weight easily.
I've seen these bear canisters tossed and rolled around at camp, without denting or cracking.
And while I've never had the scary experience of watching a big bear kick around a canister, I can imagine that it would be frustrating for them.
Here's the kind of canister I've used in grizzly country: a BearVault.
One tip: The lids can be stubborn to remove. Take your time, and don't force them.
More bear deterrent tips and information about BearVaults can be found here.
If a bear canister seems too bulky, or too heavy, for your backpacking plans, you might have other options if your travel plans don't take you into regulated territory.
The Ursack (ursus = bear, right?) is made of puncture-resistant fabric, designed to deter a bear's teeth and claws from getting at your food.
But odors are still able to waft their way to a bear's highly efficient nose, so some sort of liner (aluminum or plastic) is recommended.
In my opinion, it's the odors that should be defeated.
If a bear isn't attracted to your campsite, you won't have to worry about your food.
Which is why you absolutely must keep attractive odors out of your tent!
So if you use an Ursack, don't skimp on the liner. Make sure it can stand up to rough usage and water.
A leaky liner will spill odors, defeating the goal of remaining bear-less in the backcountry.
Some parks and destinations provide heavy bear-proof storage lockers, making the need to carry your own bear canister unnecessary.
Others have metal cables (think flag poles) for hanging food bags well out of the reach of bears.
As long as your backpacking trip is entirely within their jurisdiction, your food should be safe using these storage options.
But if you're reluctant to camp where lockers or cables are provided (for privacy and solitude), you'll need to safeguard your food, and yourself, by making your food and garbage inaccessible to the wildlife.
Your top priority, regardless of where you camp:
To keep a clean camp, segregating all odiferous foods and supplies well away from your tent.
Bear canisters are great for this purpose! Just be sure they are far away from your tent.
Most folks recommend 100 yards. Others recommend 100 feet.
Your choice, but personally, I'd rather have a bear feasting party far, far away from me in the middle of the night.
Make sure you know what that distance looks like before you get out there, and stick to it no matter how inconvenient it might be.
And cook, eat and clean up around the canisters, not your pristine tent.
The black bears living in the lower 48 States are not seen as aggressive enough to require hikers to carry bear spray.
The main goal is to keep food out of their awareness, so they don't habituate and become nuisance bears.
To get the most current information on black bears throughout the U.S., consult this list of hiking areas.
Bear spray is designed for deterring a charge or attack by Ursus horribilus, the species of brown (grizzly) bear not found in large numbers in the lower 48 United States or Hawaii.
Alaskan and Canadian hikers should be familiar with when and how to use bear spray.
Read more about brown bears and the use of bear spray here.
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