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Menopausal Hikers:
Getting Better With Age

Welcome, menopausal hikers!

First, a bit of celebration.

  • No more monthly interruptions in our hiking schedules.

I don't know about you, but I always found the cramps, the frequent stops to change pads or tampons, and the personal hygiene issues to be impediments to a satisfying hiking trip.

Don't get me wrong.

I appreciate being a female.

I deeply appreciate the fact that my monthly menstrual cycles resulted in my two wonderful offspring.

But I do not miss having periods.

There, I've said it.


Now let's move on to explore this normal transition from a menopausal hiker's perspective.

If you're in your forties (perimenopausal), these issues might be of interest because you can prepare yourself in advance to stay strong on hiking trails.

If you're in your fabulous fifties, you're aware already that things are changing in your body.

Here's why....

The trade-off for no monthly bleeding is less estrogen in the body.

And that affects more than just the reproductive system.

Read this humorous article for a glimpse into the total body changes of menopause.

Specifically for menopausal hikers, we're focusing on changes in bones, heart, urinary bladder, cognition, and balance.

Let's take a look at each of them in turn.


Bone strength
for menopausal hikers

Estrogen levels are decreasing as women head into their fifties, putting them at an increased risk for fracture compared with younger women, and also compared with men of all ages.

Why?

The hormone estrogen prevents bone loss by telling the bone destroying cells (osteoclasts) to chill out.

Which bones?

Any of them, but for menopausal hikers, we're concerned with hips and vertebrae (backbone) because they bear our weight and give us maneuverability on the trail.

How to protect those precious bones?

For starters, be smart about how you put on your pack (good ergonomics).

  • Bend your knees, swing the pack onto one thigh, then hoist it to your shoulder. Here's a video to explain the process in more detail.
  • Better yet, use a handy rock or log as a prop and sit down while you get your pack on.
  • Even better, ask your hiking partner to lift it for you!

I avoid this whole thing most of the time by keeping my pack on at all rest breaks shorter than 15 minutes, taking it off only at lunch time and at the end of the day.


Another bone protector: regular moderate weight bearing exercise.

  • Take daily walks with a light pack. Work your way up to a heavier pack.
  • Do some moderate weight lifting - use filled water bottles if you don't want to invest in fancy weights or a gym membership.
  • Carry your own groceries and grandchildren.

Getting a bone density screening (DEXA) to keep an eye out for osteoporosis may be a good idea, especially for women over the age of 65 years.

Your "T score" is the number your health care provider wants to know.

It's tough to build lots of bone density after menopause, so be sure to keep what you have.


Diet plays into this in a big way.

Adequate vitamin D (many respected authorities recommend 400 to 800 IU each day) and calcium (1000 to 1500 mg each day has been recommended) levels give your bones the necessary building blocks.

So be sure you're getting enough each day to safeguard your bone mass via dairy products, leafy greens, and canned fish with bones.


Cardiovascular issues for
menopausal hikers

Before menopause, women enjoy protection from heart disease compared with men.

As menopause approacheth, things start to even out.

The fat content of your diet becomes even more important, as does stress management, smoking, and activity level. These all play into cardiovascular (heart and blood vessels) health.

Since you're a menopausal hiker, I'm guessing that you already have good baseline levels of cardiovascular fitness. Let's keep it that way!

If you are a "week-end warrior" type of hiker, maybe you should give your heart muscle daily exercise.

  • Take the stairs.
  • Park far away from the door and use a brisk pace to reach it.
  • Climb a hill every evening and gaze off into the distance, plotting your next hiking adventure.
  • Dance! or at least jump around to music while you're vacuuming or brushing your teeth.
  • Just be sure you get 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise each week day (with more on week-ends on a hiking trail, right?).

Do you know your blood pressure?

  • Inexpensive monitors can give you a baseline reading.

The "bottom" (diastolic) number is what really counts: you want to be somewhere around 80 - 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).

If it's creeping higher, talk things over with your health care provider.

The "top" (systolic) number shouldn't wander too far over 140, either.

While we're at it, a word about cholesterol: every 5 years you should consider a complete lipoprotein panel.

This allows you to know how much cholesterol and fat carrying proteins you have in your bloodstream.

There are "good" lipoproteins and "bad" ones.

Your health care provider can get you sorted out on which are which, and what your values should be for your age range.

Menopausal hikers need to watch out for elevated LDLs and decreased HDLs, along with increased triglyceride levels - all because of that darn disappearing estrogen.


Urinary bladder leakage

Here's a distressing subject for menopausal hikers: urine leakage.

It can be very distressing to sneeze and feel a spurt of urine.

On a hiking trail, this causes chafing, and the odor can be problematic.

Why does it happen?

Estrogen, one of our lovely female hormones, is starting to become scarcer (same story as above).

The muscles controlling urination are not getting as much hormonal attention, and will shrink in size (atrophy).

This gives you less control over your bladder function.

So when the intra-abdominal pressure increases during a cough or sneeze, you lose urine to the exterior (incontinence).

Ditto for an unexpected big step off a rock or an uneven trail.

And you might resonate with this T-shirt slogan I saw recently: "Sometimes I laugh so hard, tears run down my leg."

A few ways to be prepared:

*Wear a light pad, one that is specifically

designed to absorb urine, not menstrual flow.

*Cross your legs when you sneeze or cough.

*Include pelvic floor strengthening exercises in your daily exercise routine. These muscles follow the same credo as all other muscles: use it or lose it.


Brain fog

My personal favorite (not!): brain fog.

Or "fading cognition", if you prefer the medical term.

Another little "gift" to look forward to, as you head into menopause!

Medical journals also refer to this as "cognitive decline".

Ha! Not decline, just a temporary inability to locate memories! They're in there somewhere, just give me a minute...

So what's going on?

I mean, isn't it bad enough that our bones are crumbling, our hearts are weakening, and our bladders leak?

Now we can't remember where we put the bag of dog food we bought yesterday.

Or the dog's name.

Alas, the brain is also going into estrogen withdrawal.

And sometimes we're moody and irritable, on top of being forgetful.

So I have a little plan to keep myself sane.

  • I learn one new thing every year - something with some cognitive demand to it.
  • I read a new textbook cover to cover in my field (I teach for a living).
  • Or I learn a new hiking skill that requires dexterity or memory: knot tying, for example.

Other menopausal hikers might enjoy puzzles or games.

Just promise me that you'll do something to keep your brain active and engaged in new learning activities.


Balance, or lack thereof

There's not much in the scientific literature about the loss of balance during menopause.

Instead, it's correlated with aging.

So I won't blame my increasing clumsiness on lack of estrogen, but instead I'll point to my wealth in years: I'm accumulating trips around the sun, AND losing my balance.

Such a deal! (not)

I noticed an increase in clumsiness about two years ago.

  • My usual rock steady rock-hopping ability as I crossed a stream let me down.
  • I couldn't judge how to hop and land on a rock. I stood in the middle of the stream and had a sudden flash of anxiety about falling into the swiftly moving water.

This was a completely new experience for me. Can you relate?

At the time, I wrote it off as a momentary balance glitch.

Until it happened again on the trail a few weeks later, when I tripped on a tree root and face planted.

That's when I became a staunch advocate of using hiking poles.

Now when I stumble or waver, I have a pair of allies to keep me upright.

The poles give us menopausal hikers an extra layer of confidence as we negotiate rocky narrow sections of trail, or tap dance over slippery roots.

I no longer dread stream crossings, because I use my poles to probe water depth, check out the stability of the next rock before I put my weight on it, and lean on one pole as my foot pushes off to take that next step.

Of course, poles take a load off your knees when you're going downhill, too, but that's just an added bonus.

I'm all about getting my balance back!


Hot flashes and night sweats

And I just have to say a few words regarding "vasomotor instability" and "thermoregulation dysfunction".

You know, the joy of hot flashes and night sweats!

Statistics predict that 75% of menopausal hikers will experience these, especially within the first 2 years after menstrual cycles stop.

For myself, I've found these flashes of heat extremely useful during cold weather excursions.

In fact, here's a photo of me enjoying a hot flash! I like to think of it as "being my own star": emitting heat as a natural part of my life cycle.

female hiker sitting on snowIs it hot out here, or is it just me?

True story: My very first hot flash occurred in a tent on the flank of Mt. Adams (Cascade Range, Washington State USA).

  • I thought I was having a heart attack!
  • Eventually it dawned on me how great the extra warmth in my sleeping bag felt.

So don't fight it....embrace it.

To help you, here are some strategies for hiking with hot flashes.

I've heard other women refer to these as "power surges".

I kind of like that idea!

Night sweats, not so much. Tips for how to deal with those inside your sleeping bag coming soon.


Menopausal hikers: a call to action

So there we have it: menopausal hikers must acknowledge and work with the changes in our bodies as we lose an abundant estrogen supply in our bodies.

Have you noticed that menopause is such a touchy subject in American society?

The whole aging thing is a touchy subject!

This truly puzzles me.

  • When did getting older become equated with becoming "less than"?

As an older hiker, I feel just as strong and confident as I ever did out on the trail, and WAY smarter.

I look at all of the years I've spent hiking as training for the next phase of my outdoor career: campaigning for elder hiker of the year!

I hope you do, too.

Call to action: Let's show the younger hikers what it means to be  an experienced, smart, fabulously menopausal (or post-menopausal) hiker!

Use the green box below to send me your thoughts on how you incorporate this call to action into your trail time.

It's been said before, but bears repeating:

We're not getting older, we're getting better!


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