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Backpacking tent types reflect the weather and field conditions you will face when relying upon this portable shelter.
Manufacturers thus invest time, and spend a lot of money, to design the best backpacking tents that will satisfy the real world needs of their customers - you, in this case.
Think of everything Mother Nature can throw at you during a backpacking trip (even an overnighter):
It ain't always pretty (or always safe) out there!
So the good news is that it's relatively easy to find the right backpacking tent type to meet your safety and comfort needs, because you have a lot of great choices
If you know what to look for!
Followed immediately by the bad news...
Sometimes tent suppliers don't get it right.
Their array of backpacking tent types can be supremely misleading and poorly designed.
My best piece of tent buying advice?
Don't look at price first.
Backpacking tent types with a high price tag don't guarantee high quality essential features.
Select the features that really matter to you, and then buy the highest quality tent you can afford.
You will not regret following this piece of advice if you think of this crucial piece of backpacking equipment as an investment in your comfort and safety.
So here I am, about to give you some hard earned advice to kick around before you get overly enthusiastic and plunk your money down for a tent which you will regret bitterly when Mother Nature shows her true colors.
Which she will, given enough time.
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Assuming that you've done your background reading above, and understand the basic components of every tent (that's what those links above are for), let's forge ahead and look at tent designs from two angles:
size, and structure
First we translate those 2 angles into gear speak:
These words will form the basis for understanding your choices in backpacking tent types.
Let's tackle the size of a backpacking tent first.
What the manufacturer claims about the size of the tent can be VERY misleading. (Perhaps not on purpose, who knows?)
You can whip out a tape measure and verify that the bottom of the tent (the floor footprint) measures exactly as advertised.
Here are the important follow up questions:
For instance, if a tent is advertised as a "two person" tent (it used to be "two man" but has thankfully changed to include women), test it!
When you're in the gear store, go to the tent department and ask to borrow 2 inflated sleeping pads (more info on your choices here).
Also ask for 2 sleeping bags, 2 pairs of boots, and a salesperson to play the other person in the "two person" equation.
Drag all of the stuff and people into the tent to perform a few basic "comfort tests", such as:
Can you both sleep in your preferred sleep positions without bumping each other?
If weather conditions were to become extreme, could you fit all of your gear into the tent?
NOTE: To really test the livability of the tent, you might have to also ask for 2 backpacks to be delivered to the tent door during your little simulation.
This may begin to also test the patience of the salesperson.
Sometimes you have to run imaginary comfort tests. I'm trusting you to use your best judgment (and to not mention my name).
P.S. If you meet the love of your life during this tent simulation, I definitely want to hear about it. Contact me here.
Using this strategy, I'll bet it won't
take you very long to determine whether the advertised "two person"
tent really is or is not designed for two adult humans.
Also read the detailed customer reviews on the REI website.
People share all sorts of rants and raves that will help you determine if this tent is THE ONE.
Tent designs run along certain standard contours, which limits the scope of backpacking tent types and makes your job of selecting one somewhat easier.
When I started backpacking in my teens (in the 1970's, and yes, there were pterodactyls flying around), I had a canvas "pup" tent (A-frame).
I adored it because it represented freedom and adventure.
But I was certainly happy to witness all of the modifications which tent manufacturers have made over the decades: lighter, waterproof, and easier to set up tents are now the norm.
And pup tents have joined the pterodactyls in extinction.
Instead, expect to see tents which are shaped like hoops, domes, and wedges (or variations on those themes).
A few words about each design will give you some features to think about as you're comparing backpacking tent types.
Hoop tents have flexible poles which allow the tent material to be shaped into curved walls, rather than an A frame.
Don't expect these tents to perform well in large sizes - a one person or at most two person hoop tent could be expected to hold up in adverse conditions like wind.
I know for a fact how strong these tents can be in bad weather conditions, given the right tent poles (strong, flexible, but not prone to snapping) and attention to proper staking.
It might become necessary to orient the tent differently if wind conditions are severe, so the tent does not have to "fight" the wind.
The very best tent for standing up to sustained wind gusts that I've found to date is from Hilleberg.
by no means an ultralight tent, and it's not cheap, but it goes up
superfast in windy conditions and tolerates extremely unfavorable
Dome tents have several (usually at least 3, but possibly more) poles which intersect to form intersecting hoops.
You can predict that more poles add up to more strength, and this is true.
However, the more moving pieces involved in setting up a tent, the trickier it will be to get it up and running, and the greater the chance of gear failure.
And more poles mean more weight.
Which is not to say that a dome tent will be difficult to set up.
The sloped contours allow moisture (liquid or solid) to be shed easily, making them a good choice in less than arid regions.
And there's plenty of head room - at least in the middle!
You can learn to seek the middle, can't you?
One more tent design to consider as we round out our discussion of the best backpacking tent types: wedge shaped tents.
Because these tents require the least amount of materials to provide a roomy interior with special attention to head room, they are lightweight.
From personal experience, I can also attest to the fact that a wedge shaped tent will withstand a fair amount of wind and rain, but will require careful placement and staking.
And they are easy to set up, provided you've done it at least once before.
That's a hint.
But you're not done yet!
There are other variables at play before you make your final, and best tent selection.
One of them involves the dimensions of the tent floor.
Mostly, don't expect straight forward rectangular floors.
The tent manufacturers are trying to maximize space while minimizing weight, a very worthy goal, so they play around with dimensions and wind up with areas on the sides of the tent floor for gear storage.
That can be a very good thing if you've got wet gear or need more space, or a very bad thing if you need more floor area for your sleep system.
Note that your sleeping pad/mattress will most likely be rectangular (although newer designs are more tapered to shave off weight).
So be sure it fits, along with however many other people/dogs with their pads you expect to bring into the tent.
A few words to tall backpackers:
You will not be happy with a tent until you physically crawl inside of it and stretch all the way out on the floor.
And then sit up, stretch your arms up high, and twist around a bit.
Here's the reality:
Tents are designed for "average" height people.
If you are above average (you overachiever!!), expect cramped quarters.
Or buy a tent with an extra person factored in, giving yourself plenty of room to get dressed, sort your gear, and weather a storm without putting your elbows in someone's face.
Now let's tackle what "free standing tent" implies in our discussion of backpacking tent types.
Back in the "olden times", you began setting up a tent by laying it out on the ground and figuring out which end to put up first.
Today's tents are mostly "free standing", meaning that they support their own weight once the collapsed poles are assembled and inserted, and you've easily hoisted the ceiling and walls into the air.
You might need to stake the tent to its final dimensions (so it's called a semi freestanding tent), but can do so at your leisure.
A nice feature of a free standing tent is the ability to move the tent easily (once all of your gear is out of it).
Say your first night at base camp left you lying awake because your head was lower than your feet (you did think of turning your mattress around, right?), or because a huge tree root came out of nowhere and snaked beneath your sleeping bag.
Just remove the stakes, grasp the free standing tent by a pole, and MOVE it.
Another reason to appreciate free standing tents is how easy it is to clean them out each morning.
Once the gear and people are gone, unzip one of the doors, hoist the tent over your head, and dump out all of the grit and debris.
This will extend the life of the tent floor, and it makes you feel so STRONG!
I once had a Winnie the Pooh moment when I was lifted off the ground at a high elevation campsite as I held the tent over my head, due to an unexpected burst of exuberant wind over a ridge top.
Do you need a fair weather backpacking tent?
The kind you use only in the height of balmy summer conditions?
Or will you push into less advantageous spring and fall hiking weather on your backpacking trips?
Maybe you're going to really go for it, and need a four season tent that stands up to snowfall, extreme winds, and prolonged wet weather.
Regardless of which season(s) you're going to be hitting the trail, here are trustworthy tips on choosing the right backpacking tent types for seasonality.
So let's sum up.
If in doubt regarding which backpacking tent types will suit your backpacking needs, over-buy.
If you plan to backpack exclusively during warm dry seasons, you can purchase a tent which doesn't have to stand up to much.
Realistically, do you actually expect perfect conditions every trip?
I know budget is always a consideration, but my advice is to save money on other hiking gear and buy the best tent you can afford.
And then take scrupulously good care of your investment!
Your tent is not only a safe haven from weather and bugs, it becomes a psychological safety valve when you're far from home for many nights in a row.
And you'll develop a fondness for it that defies explanation.
Heads up for solo hikers:
Your backpacking tent decision becomes a vital component of the necessary comfort + safety equation which guarantees that you have a great trip.
Slow down and make a great choice. Also consider backpacking tarps.
I've given you lots to think about.
But I want to leave you with another viewpoint which I feel is fairly balanced in its discussion of backpacking tent types.
It's written from the perspective of a gear supplier, REI, but it's not trying to push any particular type of tent.
I've been an REI member since the early 1970's and have been satisfied over the years with the advice they have given me, either in person or via their website.
And I'm proud to be an REI Co-op affiliate.
Seriously, this information covers some details you don't want to miss to round out our discussion of best backpacking tent types.
Backpacking Tent Types
More to ponder: Best Backpacking Tips.