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Types of Hiking -
Something For Everyone!

Types of hiking?

You mean, hiking is more than just walking?
Yes, definitely yes.

And therein lies the beauty of hiking!

You can do your own thing, and still be a member of the hiking community.


If you're new to hiking, you might want to start with this hiking advice.


Or dive right into this overview of the types of hiking you can select from, with plenty of hiking tips to get you started.


Types of hiking: day hikes

Dayhiker on a trail near Mount Rainier National ParkCan you spot me on this dayhike trail near Mt. Rainier?

If you're a beginner hiker, dayhikes are the way to start building trail skills.

Select well marked, maintained trails within easy commuting distance from home.

Study a map of the area before you leave the trail head so you can:

  • Scope out the terrain to estimate how tough the hike will be in terms of time and effort.
  • Calculate your turn around destination and time point.
  • Spot water sources (or be sure to carry extra water if there are none).
  • Anticipate landmarks and if you don't reach them, maybe you took a wrong turn!

Along with a great lunch, be sure to carry the hiking ten essentials in your backpack just in case that wrong turn costs you hours of daylight.

  • Even if it's "just a dayhike", you need to be prepared to take care of yourself outdoors overnight.

Once you have a few seasons of dayhikes under your boots, you might want to consider navigating off trail using maps and GPS navigation skills.

Want all of the best hiking tips for dayhikers in one spot? This Hiking For Her book is just want you need.

Hikers love the best tips, and you can find everything you need to know to hit the trail all in one place. Check it out!


Types of hiking: overnight trips

Why turn around and go home when you can stay overnight in a favorite hiking destination?

However, planning overnight backpacking trips requires a longer time investment (both planning and trail time)...

and a greater commitment to safety and comfort.

If you're just getting started with overnight hikes, base camping might be best.

And please realize that you're going to have to provide a reliable home away from home (a.k.a. your tent or a tarp) in all but the mildest weather.


Types of hiking: backpacking

Staying out longer than a few days (an extended backpacking trip) demands:


But a multiday backpacking trip also yields a much bigger payoff:

  • wildlife sightings before the dayhikers arrive/after they go home,
  • stargazing in silence under inky black skies,
  • the serenity that comes with using your physical, rather than mental, muscles day after day.

To make a longer trip feasible, consider the merits of ultralight backpacking gear here.


Nothing gives you deeper satisfaction than gazing at a mountain peak or leafy ridge from the peacefulness of your camp site, knowing that you got yourself AND your gear there using the strength of your legs and your trail smarts.

For an off-the-beaten path place to learn to backpack, try the Porcupine Mountains in the upper peninsula of Michigan.

If you fall in love with backpacking, try all of the different types of hiking trips:

  • out and back;
  • loops;
  • section hikes of a long trail;
  • long trail such as PCT or AT or CDT.
  • less long but very rewarding trails like the Wonderland or Superior or Arizona or Colorado or Ice Age (Wisconsin) Trails.
  • lesser known loop trails in heavily populated areas, like the 1000+ mile long Buckeye Trail in Ohio.


Hiking for romance

If your significant other suggests a backpacking trip, why not go for it?

Types of hiking for women can definitely include a romantic get away.

  • Just use these tips to make your trail time add up to romance, even in the face of the realities of hiking.

Hiking for weight loss

No way around the fact that hiking is hard work in terms of sustained muscle contractions.

In fact, hikers are classified as endurance athletes!

If you've set a weight loss goal and are looking for an effective way to burn calories, consider this fact:

  • It's possible to burn 5,000+ calories on a dayhike.

Here's my take on what hiking for weight loss looks like.


Forming a regular hiking habit will also tone up your major muscle groups and lead to a serious addiction to the outdoors.

  • Once you hit your weight loss goal, you can transition into other types of hiking. Use this page for ideas.
  • Wear high performance clothing that fits and looks great while you're pursuing your weight loss goal so your hiking addiction won't be thwarted.


Hiking on steroids: heli-hiking

To get a taste of real adventure, try heli-hiking.
Sounds too luxurious?

Well, it is pricey, but it may be just the slice of heaven you need to create lifelong hiking memories.

If you've never been in a helicopter, you're in for a thrill.

The noise and power of the beast are harnessed for your arrival at backcountry destinations that few humans achieve.


Hiking for treasure!

Geocaching for hikers is hiking with a definite purpose in mind:

Finding a secret, hidden cache of goodies that only non-muggles can find.

You'll need the coordinates of the cache, a navigational unit like a GPS or smartphone app, and a set of sharp eyes to locate your treasure.


Or hike in the dark

Does this sound like a scary idea to you?

Night hiking is not for everyone, but it's a great skill to develop.

And the rewards of navigating a trail using only your night vision are a big thrill.

These tips for night hiking will get you started.


Barrier free hiking

Not everyone can access a dirt packed or rocky hiking trail.

For folks with mobility issues or who use a wheelchair or stroller, accessible hiking trails are a must.


Hiking with special dietary needs

If you're free of dietary restrictions, you're one lucky hiker!

Some of us (myself included) need to pay careful attention to the food we pack for day hikes and backpacking trips.

Examples of special hiking diets:

And let's not neglect hikers with dietary preferences, such as organic trail food.


You could hike in my backyard -
The Pacific Northwest

I happen to live in an incredibly diverse area for hiking opportunities: Washington State, USA.

  • On the east side of the state are rolling flatlands with geologic history that is well worth studying.
  • On the west side, where I live near Seattle, are the mountains: the Olympics on the coast, and the Cascades (divided into North, Central and South).

Washington State has several active volcanoes with lots of hiking trails near (and on) them, too!

Female hiker on boulders with Mt. Rainier in backgroundThere she is! Big beautiful Mt. Rainier

If you've ever wanted to get in some serious alpine wandering time, you can read what Pacific Northwest hiking has to offer you.

Or check out my video on the animal life you might see on a Pacific Northwest hike.

  • Come along as I take a "critter spotting hike": one of my favorite types of hiking.

Interested in Vancouver Island hiking? Consider the challenging but rewarding West Coast Trail.


Or head South or North

The Pacific NW is at the top left of your map of the United States. You can use my tips for all types of hiking in Washington and Oregon.

But are you ready to head south instead?

Arizona hiking trails are numerous, varied, extensive and fascinating.

The Grand Canyon or a hike through a petrified forest sounds appealing, doesn't it?

Nothing says winter like sunny warm days on miles of trails.

Wait, what?

That's winter in Arizona! Be prepared with some hot weather hiking tips.


Need to feast your eyes on 14,000 foot peaks? Colorado hiking trails are for you.

On the other hand, Yukon hiking in the north has its appeal: solitude, caribou herds, and virtually untouched wilderness.

Why not try both??


Are the Canadian Rockies calling?

If you want big mountains, high alpine adventures, and plenty of chances to encounter bears, why aren't you hiking in the Canadian Rockies?

Here's one hiking trip that's easy to plan for: Mount Robson hiking in the Mount Robson Provincial Park in British Columbia.

Female hiker taking a photograph in the mountainsKinney Lake, Mt. Robson Provincial Park, B.C.

Be aware that high altitude hiking brings its own challenges. Read the tips in that link to get ready to tackle elevation over 6000 feet.



Types of hiking:
Wilderness hiking adventures

Big adventure means you'll have to work hard to leave other human beings behind in the front country.

It's not called backcountry hiking for nothing!

Sign marking a hiking trail as abandoned

A few suggestions based on personal experience:

Bush planes, helicopters, rafts, boats ... plus your strong backpacking legs. Mix and match these for a fantastic adventure.

And ponder the merits of lighweight or ultralightweight backpacking gear to make your wilderness trips more enjoyable.

East Greenland mountains pose special challenges for hikers.Special types of hiking include East Greenland mountains


Hiking as pilgrimage

Are you a history buff?

Have you had a major life transition recently and want to walk for clarity and reflection?

Tired of the same old, same old trails?

Walking the Camino de Santiago might be just what you need to scratch that itch.

Putting your boots on The Way is the opposite of a wilderness trip, but has much to recommend it:

  • exploration of a beautiful, historic region of Europe
  • meeting people from around the world
  • testing your ability to stay open to opportunities for new sites, sounds and adventures.

Socially responsible hiking

Are you concerned about the vanishing wilderness?

Do you see people trashing a campsite and wonder why they don't respect the outdoors like you do?

Would you like some ideas on how you as a hiker can model the ethics and stewardship of socially responsible hiking?

Read Hiking For Her's thoughts on this important topic here.

P.S. Thanks for caring!


Hiking during hunting season

Hikers and hunters share outdoor spaces.

It's your responsibility as a hiker to know when hunting seasons begin and end.

And to make yourself visible, audible, and the opposite of a target.

Use these safety tips to accomplish all of that, so you can co-exist with hunters both on and off trails.



Winter hiking

Why stop hiking when the snow flies?

There are at least 8 great reasons to take a winter hike.

Snowshoeing is just winter hiking, and it's twice as fun because you can:

  • spot fresh animal tracks & follow them,
  • explore areas that are brush covered during the summer,
  • listen to the stillness and hush of snow covered trees,
  • burn lots of calories (second lunch, anyone?) breathing all of that crisp air.

Your navigation skills have to be well developed, though.

And your turn around time is absolutely non-negotiable, unless you find snowshoeing by headlamp or full moon an edifying activity: yet another type of hiking.

Just be sure you know these cold weather hiking tips.

Consider what you need to eat and drink, too.

Even if you don't want to snowshoe, but do want to hike during winter weather, take these winter hiking tips to heart.

...followed by spring hikes

Hikers get hungry in the spring for green leafy shoots - and you can take that as a dietary preference, a photographic craving, or botanically.

In the spring, trails are muddy and the weather is moody. Temperatures swing from pleasant to not-so-much. A spring hiker needs to be prepared!


Who should I hike with?

Let's roll through your options.

You could:



Teach your hiking skills to
the next generation

Another type of hiking which is near and dear to my heart: teaching young people how to fall in love with hiking.

Hiking with kids is an art unto itself.

Even more so with teenagers!

I spent many years as a Girl Scout and Cub Scout leader while my son and daughter were growing up.

I led groups of kids from ages 6 through 15 on camping and backpacking trips in the Pacific Northwest of the USA.


And I love to work with youth leaders on skill building for the next generation of hikers.

If our young people don't appreciate and nurture the outdoors and everything in it, there goes the planet!

So if you're working with kids and hiking, let me know how I can help you, because I hold you in high esteem.



Elder hiking:
good for you!

I'm proud to state that I've reached that special age bracket where the phrase "elder hiking" describes me.

But I'd prefer not to put numbers on it.

  • In my opinion, age is an attitude, not just your biological age.

However, a basic fact of living in a human body is that accumulated wear and tear on joints and cartilage, plus improper conditioning, can leave an older hiker with aches and pains.

So if you're entering hiking as a juicy ripe tomato kind of woman (as opposed to a hard green tiny tomato), or are getting back into hiking after a surgery or injury, you might want to dip into these tips for folks over the age of ...

Oh, let's say 50 years or so.

I'll let you be the judge of when YOU become a wise old sage on the trail!

Hiking for health

I also want to point out that hiking is good medicine, regardless of your age.

Being in the outdoors for prolonged periods of time helps you deal with stress.

That, combined with the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal work out of a hike, will keep you in top shape.



Hiking in your birthday suit?! 

And speaking of dear Mother Nature, did you know that some hikers prefer to hike with nothing between their skin and the brambles?

For more on naked hiking, read this! Don't worry, no photos...


Not quite ready to bare it all?

Showing your skin to the world is definitely one of the more unique types of hiking!



Mental hiking = Daydreaming 
about your next hike

Just in case it hasn't occurred to you, hikers need a break away from the grinding trail once in awhile, too.


I call those types of hiking breaks "mental hiking" as I bask in the sun, plotting my next adventure!


This may be the most important type of hiking, since it allows me to roam freely in a way my body can't.

Working hard on my next hiking trip


While we're on the subject of mental hiking, it might be a good time to consider WHY you're on the trail.

This uncovers a different slant to the subject of types of hiking.

Are you a "peak bagger"?

  • Someone who pushes through to gain a destination, whether it's a peak, a lake, waterfall, viewpoint or some other spot on the map?
  • Focused, prepared, conditioned, single minded hikers log lots of miles each season.

Full disclosure: I have 4 maps of the Cascade Mountains, with - I kid you not!- little star stickers on the hiking destinations I've achieved over my 20 years of hiking in Washington State.

The maps have lots of twinkly little stars on them!

So I know a few things about what I refer to as "laser lock" hiking: here's the target, here's the route, LET'S GO!

With age, comes wisdom

But I'm mellowing as I get older.
I now entertain the possibility of other types of hiking.

For instance, what about hiking exploration?

  • If you're on an "out and back" trip, whether it's a day hike, overnight, or multi-day excursion, maybe you're focused on exploring your environment rather than counting miles.
  • Maybe you're the type of hiker who delves into field guides, trail reports, regional books, and historical documents so you're prepared to catch every interesting area you pass through.

For example, sometimes I hike with my radar set on geologic formations. My husband downloads free geology maps, and we pause occasionally to check out what we're hiking over, around, and through.

We fan out in little circles, pick up rocks, compare notes, and because he's got geology training, he tells me what I'm looking at.

I call these hikes my geology field trips!

And we take turns hauling back our "finds": lava bombs smelling of sulfur, gorgeous serpentine chunks, tiny garnets embedded in schist...


This approach to hiking is a wonderful way to connect with the ecosystem, if you extend your attention from what's under your boots (geology) to what's around you:

flowers, grasses, shrubs, butterflies, birds (botany, wildlife biology) and to what's above you: towering Douglas firs in my neck of the woods, plus clouds, birds, and the occasional freak storm.

On the way to the rocks, don't trample all of the alpine flowers!

Include "exploration hiking" in your repertoire of types of hiking, and you will come to appreciate your "big backyard" on an entirely different level.

Flower meadows lure hikers in the springtimeBrilliant purple Shooting Stars in a boggy alpine meadow


Hiking for relaxation

Once or twice a season, I allow myself the luxury of hiking for relaxation.

This is one of the most therapeutic types of hiking imaginable.


During the hike, I engage all of my senses:

  • listening for bird calls or the sounds of water,
  • feeling the breeze on my skin,
  • smelling pines and forest soil,
  • running my fingers over moss and bark,
  • and tasting the wind for moisture content.

This gives my dominant visual sense a rest, and I end the hike in a peaceful mental space.

Definitely a great way to reset my outlook on life!



So which types of hiking
appeal to you?

Where are you in your hiking career?

If you're just starting out, be purposeful about planning your hiking:

  • Keep track of where you'd like to go, and keep notes once you've been there.
  • Learn from your mis-steps, and learn from everyone you hike with (both positive and negative examples).
  • I always say there are no mistakes, only opportunities for enlightenment that are thrown your way.

Look through the hikes posted by enthusiastic hikers for some great hiking destination ideas.

Please let this website give you the tools and techniques you need to enjoy being a hiker, regardless of the types of hiking you "specialize" in.

Best wishes for hiking the hike you love,

each and every time!


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